They are numbered counter-clockwise from the cusp of the first house. Commonly, houses one through six are below the horizon and houses seven through twelve are above the horizon, but some systems may not respect entirely that division in particular when the Ascendant does not coincide with the first house's cusp. The several methods of calculating house divisions stem from disagreement over what they mean mathematically regarding space and time.
All house systems in Western astrology use twelve houses projected on the ecliptic. The differences arise from which fundamental plane is the object of the initial division and whether the divisions represent units of time, or degrees of distance. A difference will be made as to whether these divisions are made directly on the ecliptic, or on the celestial equator or some other great circle, before being projected on the ecliptic.
If time is the basis for house division, a difference must be made for whether the houses are based on invariant equal hours each house represents 2 hours of the sun's apparent movement each day or temporal hours daytime and night-time divided into six equal parts, but here the temporal hours will vary according to season and latitude.
The next table represents the basic outline of the houses as they are still understood today and includes the traditional Latin names. The houses are numbered from the east downward under the horizon, each representing a specific area of life. Many modern astrologers assume that the houses relate to their corresponding signs,   i. Similarly to how signs are classified according to astrological modality Cardinal, Fixed and Mutable , houses are classified, according to a mode of expression, as Angular , Succedent and Cadent.
Angular houses are points of initiation and represent action; they relate to cardinal signs Aries, Cancer, Libra and Capricorn. Succedent houses are points of purpose and represent stabilization; succedent houses relate to fixed signs Taurus, Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius. And finally, Cadent houses are points of transition and they represent change and adaptation; cadent houses relate to mutable signs Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces.
Again, following a similar classification of signs according to the four classical elements Fire, Earth, Air and Water , houses can be grouped together by triplicity , relating them to a level of experience. In old astrological writings e. William Lilly , house could also be used as a synonym for domicile or rulership , as in the sentence "The Moon has its house in Cancer" meaning that Cancer is ruled by the Moon.
It may be helpful to think of a ruling planet, in this case the Moon, as the "owner of the 4th House", and the sign, e. Cancer, as the CEO or landlord who runs the house. In an individual horoscope, whatever sign occupies any given house can be thought of as the house's tenant. See Rulership section below. In Indian astrology, the twelve houses are called Bhava and have meanings very similar to their Western counterparts. The houses are divided into four 'bhavas' which point to 'mood' or what the house stands for.
These four bhavas are Dharma duty , Artha resources , Kama pleasure and Moksha liberation. These bhavas are called 'purusharthas or 'aims in life.
They found that each human existence has four worthwhile goals in life:. In his book The Arcana: Or the Stock and Share Key ,  Sepharial proposed the following interpretation for houses if the chart is for a nation and a corporation:. There are many systems of house division. In most, the ecliptic is divided into houses and the ascendant eastern horizon marks the cusp, or beginning, of the first house, and the descendant western horizon marks the cusp of the seventh house. Many systems, called quadrant house systems, also use the midheaven medium coeli as the cusp of the tenth house.
Goals for a house system include ease of computation; agreement with the "quadrant" concept ascendant on the first house cusp and midheaven on the tenth ;  defined and meaningful behaviour in the polar regions; acceptable handling of heavenly bodies of high latitude a distinct problem from high-latitude locations on the Earth's surface ; and symbolic value.
It is impossible for any system to satisfy all the criteria completely, so each one represents a different compromise. The extremely popular Placidus and Koch systems, in particular, can generate undefined results in the polar circles. Research and debate on the merits of different house systems is ongoing. The Babylonians may have been the first to set out the concept of house division. The earliest forms of house division were those that link with, or run parallel to, the signs of the zodiac along the ecliptic.
The ascendant designates the rising sign, and the first house begins at zero degrees of the zodiac sign in which the ascendant falls, regardless of how early or late in that sign the ascendant is. The next sign after the ascending sign then becomes the 2nd house, the sign after that the 3rd house, and so on. In other words, each house is wholly filled by one sign. This was the main system used in the Hellenistic tradition of astrology , and is also used in Indian astrology , as well as in some early traditions of Medieval astrology.
It is thought to be the oldest system of house division. The Whole Sign system may have been developed in the Hellenistic tradition of astrology sometime around the 1st or 2nd century BCE, and from there it may have passed to the Indian and early Medieval traditions of astrology; though the line of thought which states that it was transmitted to India from Western locales is hotly contested. At some point in the Medieval period, probably around the 10th century, whole sign houses fell into disuse in the western tradition, and by the 20th century the system was completely unknown in the western astrological community, although was continually used in India all the way into the present time.
Beginning in the s and s the system was rediscovered and reintroduced into western astrology.
Dhan Bhava Meaning | Second House in Horoscope | 2nd House in Indian Astrology
The distinction between equal houses and whole sign houses lies in the fact that in whole sign houses the cusp of the 1st house is the beginning of the sign that contains the ascendant, while in equal houses the degree of the ascendant is itself the cusp of the 1st house. In the equal house system the ecliptic is also divided into twelve divisions of 30 degrees, although the houses are measured out in 30 degree increments starting from the degree of the ascendant.
It begins with the ascendant, which acts as the 'cusp' or starting point of the 1st house, then the second house begins exactly 30 degrees later in zodiacal order, then the third house begins exactly 30 degrees later in zodiacal order from the 2nd house, and so on. In this type of system, the definition of houses involves the division of the sphere into twelve equal lunes perpendicular to a fundamental plane the Morinus and Regiomontanus systems being two notable exceptions.
This system is constructed in a similar manner as the Equal house, but houses are measured out in 30 degree increments starting from the longitude of the midheaven , which acts as the 'cusp' or starting point of the 10th house. The ascendant does not coincide with the cusp for the 1st house. Each quadrant of the ecliptic is divided into three equal parts between the four angles. This is the oldest system of quadrant style house division. Although it is attributed to Porphyry of Tyros , this system was first described by the 2nd-century astrologer Vettius Valens , in the 3rd book of his astrological compendium known as The Anthology.
This house system was described by the English astrologer Charles E. Carter in his Essays on the Foundations of Astrology. Those cusps are then restated in terms of celestial longitude by projecting them along great circles containing the North and South celestial poles. The 1st house cusp coincides with the ascendant's longitude, but the 10th house cusp is not identical with the Midheaven. The intersections of the ecliptic with those great circles provide the house cusps.
The 10th house cusp thus equals the Midheaven, but the East Point also known as Equatorial Ascendant is now the first house's cusp. Each house is exactly 2 sidereal hours long. French mathematician Jean Baptiste Morinus. The celestial equator is divided into twelve, and these divisions are projected on to the ecliptic along great circles that take in the north and south points on the horizon.
The Regiomontanus system was later largely replaced by the Placidus system. The prime vertical the great circle taking in the zenith and east point on the horizon is divided into twelve, and these divisions are projected on to the ecliptic along great circles that take in the north and south points on the horizon. It is attributed to Campanus of Novara but the method is known to have been used before his time. Sinusoidal systems of house division are similar to Porphyry houses except that instead of each quadrant being divided into three equal sized houses, the middle house in each quadrant is compressed or expanded based on whether the quadrant covers less than or greater than 90 degrees.
In other words, houses are smooth around the zodiac with the difference or ratio in quadrant sizes being spread in a continuous sinusoidal manner from expanded to compressed houses. Sinusoidal houses were invented and first published by Walter Pullen in his astrology program Astrolog in A recently published house system, discovered by Georg Goelzer,  based on a great circle passing through the ascendant and zenith.
This circle is divided into 12 equal parts 1st cusp is ascendent, 10th cusp is zenith , then the resulting points are projected to the ecliptic through meridian circles. The house tables for this system were published in in Poland. The predecessor system to the Placidus, which largely replaced the Porphyry. The difference with Placidus is that the time that it takes the ascendant to reach the meridian is divided equally into three parts.
The Alchabitius house system was very popular in Europe before the introduction of the Regiomontanus system. This is the most commonly used house system in modern Western astrology. The paths drawn for each degree of the ecliptic to move from the Imum coeli to the horizon, and from the horizon to the midheaven, are trisected to determine the cusps of houses 2, 3, 11, and The cusps of houses 8, 9, 5 and 6 are opposite these.
This result is a weakness of the Placidean system according to its critics, who often cite the exceptional house proportions in the higher latitudes. Named for 17th-century astrologer Placidus de Titis , it is thought the Placidus system was first mentioned about 13th century in Arab literature, but the first confirmed publication was in by Giovanni Antonio Magini — in his book "Tabulae Primi Mobilis, quas Directionem Vulgo Dicunt".
The first documented usage is from Czech, Placidus, a professor of mathematics, was named as its author to give it credibility to his contemporaries. Placidus remains the most popular system among English-speaking astrologers [ citation needed ]. A rather more complicated version of the Placidus system, built on equal increments of Right Ascension for each quadrant. This system is popular among research astrologers in the U. This is a recent system, invented in Argentina, that its creators claim has been determined empirically, i.
The house cusps are always within a degree of those given in the Placidus system. The topocentric system can also be described as an approximation algorithm for the Placidus system. Topocentric houses are also called Polich-Page, after the names of the house system creators, Wendel Polich and A.
Page Nelson. The following charts display different house systems for the same time and location. To better compare systems subject to distortion, a high latitude city was chosen Stockholm, Sweden and the time corresponds to a long ascension sign Cancer. For clarity purposes, all the usual aspect lines, degrees and glyphs were removed. In the whole sign and equal house systems the Medium Coeli Midheaven , the highest point in the chart, does not act as the cusp or starting point of the 10th house. Instead the MC moves around the top half of the chart, and can land anywhere in the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, depending on the latitude.
The MC retains its commonly agreed significations, but it doesn't act as the starting point of the 10th house, therefore in Equal house it adds extra definition and meaning to MC and the cusps involved, but always MC is same in interpretations as other house systems. This is also the more common criticism of the whole sign and equal house method as it concerns the location of the Medium Coeli Midheaven , the highest point in the chart.
As a result, equal houses counted from the ascendant cannot in general place the midheaven on the tenth house cusp, where many feel it would be symbolically desirable. Since this point is associated with ambition, career, and public image, the argument is that the Midheaven, therefore, must be the cusp of the similar tenth house.
It has also been linked by extension with Capricorn the tenth sign of the zodiac. Equal house system always takes MC to be first and foremost THE most important indicator of career, but 10th house cusp is simple like a weaker 2nd MC cusp and would be taken into account, but not at the expense of MC. Because the Whole Sign and Equal House system do take the Midheaven into account, but relies on the location of the Ascendant, it can be found anywhere between the 8th and 11th houses. In Hellenistic, Vedic , Medieval and Renaissance astrology each house is ruled by the planet that rules the sign on its cusp.
For example, if a person has the sign Aries on the cusp of their 7th house, the planet Mars is said to "rule" the 7th house. This means that when a planet is allotted a house, the planet's attributes will have some bearing on the topics related to that house within the life of the individual whose chart is being analyzed. This planet is considered very important for events specifically pertaining to that house's topics; in fact, its placement in the chart will have at least as much influence on the chart as the planets placed within the house.
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For instance, Mars is ruler of the 1st house because it rules Aries, the first sign; Mercury rules or has an affinity with the 3rd house because it rules Gemini, the 3rd sign; etc. For example, if one asks: What is my future? This question can lead us nowhere. Just read the description of the houses and think can such a question can be answered. Please do not confuse Astrology with Fortune telling and abuse this science. A good question would be;I want to change my Job? When will there be fruitful conditions for this career change.
Will i benefit from This career change? This question sets the astrologer mind to one thing and the native is benefitted. Some good questions can be These are some of the Good questions that we received through the net : I am not healthy. Last year i had a renal failure and had to be operated upon.
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This has led to shooting medical expenses. When will i be free from these physical ailments and what should i do to get rid of these ailments? Ref I had given a loan to my friend two years ago on no interest basis. Now he refuses to give the Loan amount back on some pretext or the other. When will i get this loan amount back. When do you see financial prosperity for me?
Ref I am having problems with my brothers regarding the division of our family estate that was left to us by our father. They are creating legal problems, Will i get a share of the estate. If so when. Ref I am planning to construct a new house but this plan gets delayed by one reason or other. When will i have my own house. Please take out an auspicious date next month for starting the new work. Ref Even after two years of marriage we don't have a child. The tests were conducted and everything is all right physically.
Will i be a mother? Ref We have been married 10 years and have three daughters. Will we be blessed with a Son? Ref I have been facing litigation for the last two years. My employer has filed a suit against me. I am innocent. I have been incurring legal expenses and tremendous mental pressure. In these times of stress my friends have left me and i do not have enough money to pay my rent.
My family life has been disturbed to a considerable extent. When will i free from these problems. Please suggest remedial measures. Ref When will i get married? I am sending the birth details of my Girlfriend. Are we compatible according to Astrology. How will we fare as a couple after marriage"? Ref I have been married for 13 years now. For the last couple of years we are having problems. Differences have crept in.
House – What is House role in Vedic Astrology?
This is partly my fault for i have an extra martial relationship which my wife is aware of. However beside this i feel she is basically against me. She does not love me or entertain my friends and makes fun of me in front of everybody and threatens me with divorce. I hate the very sound of the word. I just cannot believe this is the same woman i married and was in love with. Please guide me.
Ref I am very interested in occult practices. I have tried my hand at various Sadhanas but have not got success.
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Which God should i worship for success in Sadhana. What is the mantra i should chant for maximum benefit. Ref Sir, my son is in the final year of Graduation. He is an excellent student and i feel that he has a good chance of success in the Administrative services. Although he differs with me and wants to Do further studies in Management. What do you suggest.
He has Sun in the 10th house. I am a small time Astrologer and that is my line of thinking. Please Guide. I am enclosing his birth chart. Ref I have a peculiar problem. I have never worked for more than six months at a stretch. I am not fired from the Job but wherever i go the company closes down within six months. Now my resume is filled with numerous entries that show six month jobs. Ref I have been working in a software development firm for the past one year. The salary is excellent and there is good chance of making rapid strides. I have just received another job offer from a foreign concern.
The difference as far as salary and Perks is concerned is not much. Although i feel that this Job will give my credentials a boost and will be helpful in future. Should i make this change. Kindly analyze this for me in depth as this is of utmost importance to me.